In the early 20th century, Indian migrants living in British Columbia and North American faced constant racism and discrimination. Meanwhile in India, those peoples had been dealing with over one hundred years of racism and abuse because of British Colonialism. Thus, in June, 1913 a meeting of minds met under the guidance of Sohan Singh Bhakna and Lala Har Dayal to form the Hindu Association of the Pacific Coast which would later be known as the Ghadar (mutiny) party. The aim of this party was very simple-to advocate for an independent India. This was done mostly by gathering intelligence forces, by insighting the passions of those in the diaspora through the power of the word and through the power of print. And it was through this power of print that the party was able to ignite such passion. The main newspaper for the party was the Ghadr newspaper. In its inaugural issue on November 1, 1913, the Ghadr printed some of the most powerful words of propaganda ever seen through this advertisement which summarized the nature of this revolutionary movement: Pay: Death Prize: Martyrdom Pension: Liberty Field of Battle: India In addition to the Ghadr Newspaper, the party also published pamphlets meant to incite anger and ignite passions against the British. Certain facts were used as evidence of the oppressive nature of the British Raj and formed the Ghadar basis for an argument in favor of the British leaving India. The Ghadar party didn’t work solely through its newspaper or through pamphlets or as we also saw, classifieds-the party also used as we heard earlier, the art of poetry. This can be seen in its greatest form through the Ghadar Di Gunj (Echoes of Mutiny), which was an amazing anthology of Ghadar party poetry which published a first run of 12,000 copies. One very short, but powerful example of a poem in this anthology reads: No Pandits or Mullahs do we need, No prayers or litanies we need recite, These will only scuttle our boat. Draw the sword, it’s time to fight. It was no wonder why the Ghadar party was so feared by the British, and why so many resources, spies and intelligence gatherings were used to gain as much information as possible-this party was able through sheer words, able to ignite and revive revolutionaries living abroad in the diaspora some 7000 miles away from their land of birth. The crux of the Ghadar movement lasted only between 1913-1919. Most Indian citizens were not ready for the mass revolution that Ghadarites propagated. Furthermore, out of the estimated 8000 overseas Indians who left for India to ‘fight’ for Indian independence, some 3000 were intercepted; more than 300 were jailed and most others were restricted to their villages.