1) Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469 CE -1539 CE):
Guru Nanak Dev Ji, founder of the Sikh faith, was born on April 15, 1469 in the village of Rai Bhoe Ki Talwandi, (modern day Pakistan) which is today referred to as the Nankana Sahib in memory of the Guru. Guru Nank Dev Ji was the son of Mehta Kalu and Tripata. Though the greater details of Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s life journeys and travels have been recorded in the Janam-Sakhis (the life stories of the first Sikh Guru), if there is one element which should be stressed, it is the simple life teachings and philosophies of the Guru. Even at the tender and impressionable age of nine when he was supposed to be learning the Ancient Hindu Vedas, Guru Nanak Dev Ji rejected such notions in order to take part in private studies, to meditate, and to meet other religious teachers and sages from different faiths. After he married his wife Sulakhni at the age of sixteen, Guru Nanak Ji could not be distracted to his greater religious and spiritual calling.